The death or malfunction of brain cells characterizes traumatic brain nerve injury. The Brain Injury Association of America says that about 2.6 million people in the United States get a brain injury yearly. A fall, a stroke, a tumor, or other health problems can cause this. Traumatic brain injuries account for about 52,000 annual deaths in the United States, and more than 5 million people need help with basic tasks because of their injuries. The National Stroke Association says that stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States. Each year, about 130,000 people die from stroke.
The brain can get hurt when it doesn't get enough oxygen for a long time. Brain injury can occur as a result of a variety of traumas, illnesses, or ailments. Males between the ages of 15 and 24 are the most vulnerable due to high-risk activities. Young children and the elderly are also in greater danger.
Types of Brain Nerve Damage
All traumatic brain injuries are classified as head injuries." However, a head injury does not always imply a brain injury. The two types of brain injury are traumatic brain damage and acquired brain injury. Both interfere with the brain's regular functioning.
- A traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when the brain is jarred, or the skull is cracked from an external force, such as a blow to the head. Because of this, brain tissue is being destroyed.
- Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI) is a form of Acquired Brain Injury (ABI). This condition is typically linked to external pressure on the brain. A tumor is one possible source. Just as likely is the idea that the cause is a disease of the nervous system, like a stroke.
What Causes Brain Nerve Damage?
The following are some of the causes of traumatic brain injury:
- Car mishaps
- Physical abuse
- Several blows to the head
- Accidents or slips and falls
- Sports-related injuries
Among the causes of acquired brain damage are:
- Poisoning or hazardous substance exposure
- A heart attack
- Drowning, strangulation, or choking
- illegal drug abuse
- neurological disorders
What Are the Symptoms of Brain Nerve Damage?
There are several signs of acute or acquired brain injury. They are divided into four major categories:
- Cognitive or Perceptual
Among the cognitive symptoms of brain injury are:
- Difficulties with information processing
- Difficulties comprehending others
- Difficulties expressing thoughts
- Reduced attention span
- Inability to comprehend abstract ideas
- Decision-making skill needs to be improved.
- Memory lapses
The following are perceptual indications of brain damage:
- Changes in vision, hearing, or touch
- Disorientation in space
- Inability to perceive time
- Smell and taste disorders Problems with balance
- Pain sensitivity has increased.
Physical manifestations of brain injury include:
- Chronic headaches
- Extreme mental exhaustion
- Extreme physical exhaustion
- Light sensitivity
- Sleep problems
- Sloppy speech
- Consciousness loss
Among the behavioral/emotional indicators of brain injury are the following:
- Impatience and irritability
- Stress tolerance has decreased.
- Feelings or behaviors that have been flattened or heightened
- Disability denial
- Heightened aggression
Here are some more symptoms that you can experience in brain nerve damage;
Something is wrong with your senses; they may be numb, tingly, or burning.
According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, this tingling or numbness is an early indicator of nerve injury that can start in the hands or feet and spread up the arms or legs. Sensory nerve compression is a common problem that can cause temporary numbness and tingling. This usually happens when you sleep.
As a result, you can hurt yourself because you failed to perceive danger.
If your sensory nerves don't tell your brain when they touch an unstable surface, you may be more likely to get hurt than usual. Visit a doctor if you touched something hot, sharp, or unpleasant, didn't pull your hand away in time, and got burned, cut, or hurt in another way.
One leg is hurting, but not the other.
Sciatica is characterized by continuous, acute pain, burning sensation, or tingling that begins in the lower back and progresses down the back of the leg. What causes this is compression or damage to the sciatic nerve, which travels from the lower back to the hips and down both legs, like in the case of a herniated disk in the spine or a disease like diabetes.