Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Causes: Everything You Need to Know

Irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS, is characterized by various digestive issues, some of which may be unpleasant. Irritable bowel syndrome is the most frequent gastrointestinal distress characterized by multiple symptoms.

IBS does not harm the digestive system, and colon cancer risk is not increased. Symptoms may frequently be controlled by modifying one's food and way of living.

What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)?

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional GI condition. Problems with the communication between the digestive system and the brain are at the root of these illnesses, also known as disorders of the gut-brain connection.

Your digestive system becomes too sensitive as a result of these issues. They also alter the contraction of your gut muscles. Symptoms include bloating, nausea, and diarrhea or constipation.

What are the Different Types of IBS?

Researchers categorize IBS according to the types of bowel movement issues you experience. Your therapy may vary depending on your IBS type. Only various forms of IBS respond to certain medications.

IBS sufferers often alternate between days with regular and irregular bowel motions. Your unusual bowel motions will determine the kind of IBS you have:

  • IBS with constipation (IBS-C): Your excrement is mostly lumpy and firm.
  • IBS with diarrhea (IBS-D): Your feces are mostly watery and loose.
  • IBS with mixed bowel habits (IBS-M): On the same day, you have both loose and watery bowel movements and hard and lumpy bowel motions.

How Does IBS Affect My Body?

The colon muscle contracts more in patients with IBS than in those who do not have the ailment. These contractions cause cramping and discomfort. IBS patients also have decreased pain tolerance. According to research, excess bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract may contribute to symptoms in patients with IBS.

What are Other Names for IBS?

With IBS, you could hear these names:

  • Bowel discomfort.
  • An irritable
  • A sluggish colon.
  • A nervous stomach symptom is often brought on by mental stress, tension, and worry.

Who is at Risk for Developing IBS?

Those in their 20s and 30s, and sometimes those in their 40s, are disproportionately affected. Women are more prone to suffer from IBS than males. There has been some evidence that IBS may run in families.

If you have any of these, your risk may be higher:

  • There seems to be a history of IBS in your family.
  • Tension, stress, or worry on the emotional level.
  • Irrational aversion to certain foods.
  • Abuse, either sexual or physical, in the past.
  • A severe infection of the digestive system.

What Triggers IBS?

You may have identified specific triggers for your IBS symptoms. Several foods and medications are known to be allergens. The stress of the mind also plays a role. Researchers have hypothesized that IBS is the gut's reaction to the pressures of daily living.

How common is IBS?

According to experts, IBS affects 10% to 15% of the adult population in the United States. Yet, only 5% to 7% of people are diagnosed with IBS. It is the most prevalent condition diagnosed by gastroenterologists.

What are the causes of IBS?

Experts need to figure out what causes IBS. They believe that a combination of variables, including:


  • Dysmotility: Issues with how your GI muscles contract and pass food through your digestive system.
  • Visceral hypersensitivity: Nerves in the gastrointestinal tract that are very sensitive.
  • Brain-gut dysfunction: Miscommunication between brain and stomach nerves.

What are IBS symptoms?

IBS symptoms include:

  • Cramps or abdominal discomfort, commonly in the bottom portion of the abdomen.
  • More complex or softer bowel motions than usual.
  • Diarrhea, constipation, or a combination of the two.
  • More gas.
  • Mucus in your feces (may look whitish).

Symptoms of IBS in women may worsen during their periods.

These sensations often reoccur, which might make you feel agitated or angry. You'll start to feel better physically and psychologically as you learn how to handle flare-ups.

How is IBS Diagnosed?

See your doctor if you've been experiencing unpleasant Gastrointestinal problems. A medical history and physical examination are the initial steps in diagnosing IBS. Your doctor questions you about your symptoms:

  • Do you have bowel movement pain?
  • Have you noticed a difference in how often you urinate?
  • Has the appearance of your feces changed?
  • How often do your symptoms occur?
  • When did your signs first appear?
  • Which medications are you taking?
  • Have you lately had a problematic situation or a recent illness?

You may need further testing depending on your symptoms to confirm a diagnosis. Other conditions that resemble IBS may be ruled out using blood tests, stool samples, and X-rays.

What is IBS Treatment?

While no one therapy is effective for everyone with IBS, most patients may discover a treatment that suits them. Your doctor will tailor your IBS treatment plan to meet your requirements. Dietary and lifestyle modifications are often used as therapy alternatives. A nutritionist can assist you in designing a diet that works for you.

Many individuals discover that their symptoms go better with these changes:

Dietary changes:

  • Eat extra fruits, vegetables, grains, and nuts to increase the amount of fiber in your diet.
  • Supplement your diet with fiber supplements like Metamucil® or Citrucel®.
  • Eight 8-ounce glasses of water should be consumed daily.
  • Skip the caffeine (from coffee, chocolate, teas, and sodas).
  • Milk and cheese in moderation. The prevalence of lactose intolerance is higher among IBS sufferers. Be sure to get calcium from various foods, including salmon, spinach, broccoli, and supplements.
  • Consider the low-FODMAP diet, a dietary regimen that may help symptoms go better.

Activity changes:

  • Regularly moving about.
  • Avoid smoking.
  • Try some relaxing methods.
  • Eat more frequent, smaller meals.
  • Keep a food journal to identify the meals that cause IBS flare-ups. Red peppers, green onions, red wine, wheat, and cow's milk are typical triggers.

Medical changes:

  • If you have sadness, anxiety, and severe stomach pain, your doctor may prescribe antidepressant medication.
  • Various medications may treat diarrhea, constipation, or stomach discomfort.
  • Probiotics might be a good alternative for you. These "good bacteria" may aid with symptom relief.
  • If your symptoms do not improve, see your doctor. Further testing may be required to determine if an underlying issue is causing the symptoms.

What Happens If Medications Don’t Work?

Sometimes, even with medical intervention, symptoms persist. Your doctor may suggest seeing a therapist specializing in mental health. Some patients get better after trying:

  • Behavioral and cognitive treatment (CBT).

Final Thoughts: Is it Possible to Prevent IBS?

IBS cannot be prevented or avoided since there is no identified cause. In case you have IBS, you may prevent flare-ups by avoiding triggers. If you still have any queries or want to know anything related to this set of symptoms that can affect your digestive system, simply leave a message in the comments section given below and we will get back to you as soon as possible.

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